Director of Field Stations and Environmental Education Center and Professor of Biology
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Ph.D. 2003
University of Georgia, M.S. 1998
University of Georgia, B.S. 1996
My general interests revolve around management of wildlife often focusing on endangered or threatened bat species. I have also been working on the effect of urbanization on White-tailed deer populations.
We have been working on three different areas within my most recent bat research.
First we are examining the effects of different timber harvest methods on the bat community. Where we have been using both radio-telemetry and acoustic detectors to study the bats within the Hardwood Ecosystem Experiment (ag.purdue.edu/hee/).
We are also working with the US Forest Service on the Shawnee National Forest to study a recently discovered population of Eastern small-footed bats. We are working to understand their ecology and effects of any possible management plans on the population.
Lastly, we have been working on a treatment for WNS (www.whitenosesyndrome.org). I have been collaborating with colleagues from Western Michigan University and others to develop a treatment that might tip the balance in favor of the bats during this epic struggle to save our bats (www.batconservation.org).
Within my deer research, we have examined the effects of urbanization of the survival and movement of fawns. More recently we have switched to adult deer and looking at their survival and movements relative to urbanization. In both studies we use both VHF and GPS collars to track and follow the animals and compare how they do both in-town and out-of-town.
Bergeson, S.M., T.C. Carter, and M.D. Whitby. 2015. Adaptive Roosting Gives Little Brown Bats an Advantage over Endangered Indiana Bats. American Midland Naturalist, 174:321-330.
Pauli, B.P, H.A. Badin, G.S. Haulton, P.A. Zollner, T.C. Carter. 2015. Landscape features associated with the roosting habitat of Indiana bats and northern long-eared bats Landscape Ecology 30: 2015-2029.
Whitby, M.D., T.C. Carter, E.R. Britzke. 2014. Evaluation of mobile acoustic techniques for bat population monitoring. Acta Chiropterlogica. 16(1):223-230.
Bergeson, S.M., T.C. Carter, and M.D. Whitby. 2013. Partitioning of foraging resources between sympatric Indiana and little brown bats. Journal of Mammalogy 94(6):1311-1320.
Poole, AK, BA Novosak, AC Gooley, DM Ing, RD Bluett, TC Carter, GA Feldhamer, GA. 2013. Reintroduction of the Eastern Woodrat (Neotoma floridana) in Southern Illinois. Southeastern Naturalist, 12:1-10.
Whitby, M., S. Bergeson, T. Carter, S. Rutan and R. McClanahan. 2013. The Discovery of a Reproductive Population of Eastern Small-footed bat, Myotis leibii, in Southern Illinois Using a Novel Survey Method. American Midland Naturalist 169: 229-233.
Meretsky, V. J., V. Brack JR, T. C. Carter, R. Clawson, R. R. Currie, T. A. Hemberger, C. J. Herzog, A. C. Hicks, J. A. Kath, J. R. Macgregor, R. A. King, and D. H. Good. 2010. Digital photography improves consistency and accuracy of bat counts in hibernacula. Journal of Wildlife Management, 74:166-173.
Wolff, J.M. , L. Battaglia, T.C. Carter, L.B. Rodman, E.R. Britzke, and G.A. Feldhamer. 2009. Effects of Tornado Disturbance on Bat Communities in Southern Illinois. . Northeastern Naturalist, 16(4):553-562.
Feldhamer, G.A., T.C. Carter, and J.O. Whitaker, Jr. 2009. Prey Consumed by Eight Species of Insectivorous Bats from Southern Illinois. American Midland Naturalist. 162:43-51.
Feldhamer, G. A., E. M. Schauber, L. B. Rodman, and T. C. Carter. 2008. Multiple captures of white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus): evidence for social structure? American Midland Naturalist. 160:171-177.
Carter, T. C., J. M. Menzel. 2007. Day-roosting ecology of North American foliage-roosting bats. Pages 61-81 In (M. J. Lacki, J. P. Hayes, and Kurta A., eds.) Bats in Forests: Conservation and Management. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 329 pp
Carter, T. C. 2006. Indiana Bats in the Midwest: The Importance of Hydric Habitats. Journal of Wildlife Management 70:1185-1190.