Hepatitis: Certain viruses can affect the liver. Hepatitis B and C viruses can be transmitted through sexual intercourse. Certain groups of individuals are at higher risk for getting these infections. Viral hepatitis is the leading cause of liver cancer and is the most common reason for liver transplantation. Men who have sex with men, persons with HIV, and pregnant women should be tested for Hepatitis. Other individuals with risk factors should also be screened for these viruses. Please talk with your healthcare provider to see if you might be at risk and if testing is recommended.