1848 Instruction upon the Art of Pointing Cannon, for the Use of Young Sea Officers. J. and G.S. Gideon, Printers, Washington, DC. 

Berkebile, Don K.
1961 The 2 3/4-Inch U.S. Howitzer, 1792-1793. Military Collector and Historian 13(1):1-7.

Berkebile, Don K.
1965 A Note on King Howitzers. Military Collector and Historian 17(4).

Boorman, Dean K.
2004 Guns of the Old West: An Illustrated History. The Globe Pequot Press, Guilford, Connecticut.

Caruana, Adrian B.
1990 Tin Case-Shot in the 18th CenturyArms Collecting 28(1).

Center for History and New Media
2007 Papers of the War Department 1784-1800 Project Overview, Center for History and New Media. George Mason University.

Farrow, Edward S.
1895 Farrow's Military Encyclopedia: A Dictionary of Military Knowledge. Military-Naval Publishing Company, New York.

Graves, Donald E.
1992 Field Artillery of the War of 1812: Equipment, Organization, Tactics and Effectiveness. The War of 1812 Magazine 30:39-48.

Guthman, William H.
1975 March to Massacre, A History of the First Seven Years of the United States Army 1784-1791. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, New York.

Hogeland, William
2017 Autumn of the Black Snake: The Creation of the U.S. Army and the Invasion That Opened the West. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, New York.

Lytle, Richard M.
2004 The Soldiers of America's First Army. The Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland.

Prucha, Francis P.
1969 The Sword of the Republic, The United States Army on the Frontier, 1783-1846. The Macmillan Company, London, United Kingdom.

Quaife, Milo M.
1918 A Picture of the First United States Army: The Journal of Captain Samuel Newman. The Wisconsin Magazine of History 2:40-43.

Simmons, David A.
1992 U.S. Military Architecture during the Indian Wars and Historic Archaeology: the Case of Fort Jefferson. Northwest Ohio Quarterly 64(4):115-125.

United States Army corps of Engineers
2007 A Brief History, The Beginnings to 1815, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.