Conducting research isn’t easy. You must work within established rules and frameworks, meet deadlines and more.

But don’t let that discourage you.

We are here to help with a wealth of resources and presentations below, starting with information on how to complete CITI, which is required for anyone working with human or animal subjects.

Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI)

If you are working with human subjects (IRB) or animals (IACUC), you need to complete CITI (Collaborative Institutional Training Institute) prior to submitting a proposal. This research and ethics training raises awareness about several issues you may need to consider during your research project.

CITI Training is a series of online modules, followed by brief quizzes after each section. You must receive a passing score of at least 80% for each module quiz.

For help with registration, review our detailed instructions for CITI Training (PDF).

The Association of Internet Research (AoIR) Ethics Working Committee has created a list of questions for researchers who are considering the use of social media in their protocols. Below is an adapted version of some of those questions to help researchers ensure that their participants are being protected.

  • How are you incorporating the use of social media in your project?
  • Have you looked at the Terms of Service/Privacy Policy for all social media sites you wish to use? Are there restrictions on conducting research using those sites?
  • How will your participants be approached? Will they be aware of your presence as a researcher?
  • How will the data be used? If made available to other researchers in the future, how will participants be protected?
  • How do ethical expectations differ with de-identified data compared with interview data?
  • Will participants be able to be "re-identified" by means of Internet searching or other advanced technology? How will that information be treated?
  • How will you be storing data that could be considered sensitive? What are the risks of data being leaked?
  • How will your findings be presented? Is there risk to participants in how the information is disseminated? Will participants be protected in all means of dissemination (e.g., pre-publication reports, workshops, informal meetings, etc.)?
  • Is there risk for potential harm to individuals, online communities, other researchers, or your field of research?
  • Are there safeguards in place for potential harm to all who might be at risk?
  • What are the potential benefits of the study? Will the participants benefit directly? Does the greater benefit outweigh the risks?
  • Have minors and vulnerable populations been considered? Are additional safeguards in place to protect these populations? Are there increased risks to these individuals/populations?

Access the full version of this article (PDF).

The AoIR has also created a chart with ethical questions to consider, broken down by type of data that the researcher is planning to use.

Read the chart (PDF).

The Office of Research Integrity has created handbooks for many of the submission processes that you will need to go through to submit a research protocol.

The Office of Research Integrity has made IRB training sessions and presentations available for students and faculty. Check them out below.

Sometimes nothing beats person-to-person training. Request a session for a class or group.

Our graduate assistants (GAs) offer one-on-one consultation regarding research proposals, including answering questions about writing a protocol, submitting through IRBNet, or any other issues that may come up throughout the submission process.

To set up a phone or in-person appointment with a GA, send us an e-mail at View Email or call our direct GA line at 765-285-5088.

If you have questions about research design, please contact your advisor or the Research Design Studio located in Teachers College.