S. Hogue, Chairperson

As the study of human beings, anthropology is both a social or behavioral science and a life science. Cultural anthropology is concerned with the ways people organize themselves in groups and all aspects of behavior learned as members of such groups. Archaeology is concerned with how human behavior has adapted to the environment and changed through time. Biological anthropology examines the evolutionary development and adaptation of the species, variations among living populations, and the biological bases of human behavior. Linguistics, which is taught in the Ball State English department, is concerned with the nature and history of language and its role in human culture.

The Department of Anthropology is committed to providing students with opportunities to apply what they have learned. The department offers cultural field trips among the Native Americans of the southwestern United States; a cultural field school in Jamaica, Romania, and Vietnam; prehistoric and historic archaeological field schools in Indiana; consulting work through Ball State’s Archaeological Resources Management Service; and an internship program.

For more information about the minor in Native American Studies, see Interdepartmental Programs.








Intr Culturl
Soph Seminar
Fnd Bio Anth
History Anth
O W Cultures (3-6)

N W Cultures (3-6)
Sen Seminar



3 hours from methodology



Lab Mat Cult (3)
Museum Topic (3)
Hum Osteolgy (3)
Ethno Method (3)
Ethno History (3)


an external methodology course
approved by the department


3 hours from cultural anthropology


Applied Anth (3)
Ethnicity (3)
Ecology (3)
Social Org (3)
Nat Am No Am (3)
Nat Am Gr Lk (3)
Anth Women (3)
Amer Culture (3)
Culture Med (3)
Wtchcrft Mag (3)
Anthro Techn (3)
Culture Econ (3)
Nat Am Sw (3)


3-4 hours from archaeology



Fund Archaeo (4)
O W Archaeol (3-6)
N W Archaeol (3-6)
Midwest Arch (3)
Hist Arc EUS (3)
Euro Prehist (3)
Applied Arch (3)
His Arc T&M (3)


3 hours from biological anthropology



Biol Variatn (3)
Phys Growth (3)
Paleontology (3)
Hum Osteology (3)
Primatology (3)


Electives from ANTH (except ANTH  111)


43-44 hrs








Intr Culturl


3-4 hours from


Archaeology (3)
Int Bio Anth (3)
Fund Archaeo (4)
Fnd Bio Anth (4)


12 hours from ANTH electives


18-19 hrs


101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. (3)
Introduces the diversity of human social life as shaped by culture, relating the origins and nature of culture to variations in such universal aspects of human experience as subsistence strategies, resource allocation, social organization, political order, belief systems, and the arts.

103 Archaeology and Culture. (3)
Considers the nature of archaeological research―its methodology and principles of analysis―and its consequent contributions to our understanding of human behavior and the development of human culture from its beginnings to the present.

105 Introduction to Biological Anthropology. (3)
Introduces students to human variation over space and time; its genetic, developmental, environmental, and theoretical bases; the human life cycle; primatology; the anthropoid fossil record, and the relevance of these for an understanding of human health, adaptation, and human diversity.

111 Anthropology, Culture, and Globalization. (3)
Examines culture and cultural variation in a globalizing world. It explores how societies and individuals are affected by increasing contact between people of different cultures. It takes an historical and cross-cultural perspective on the human condition and the cultural adaptations necessary to effectively function in a changing world.

200 Sophomore Seminar. (2)
Intended to enculturate students into the discipline, focuses on the personal dimensions of being an anthropologist and thinking like one. Also touches upon major concepts and figures and practical aspects of fieldwork and writing in anthropology.

204 Fundamentals of Archaeology. (4)
Introduces the types of data dealt with by archaeology, approaches to data recovery, methods of analysis, and problems of interpretation. Differing problems of traditional research archaeology and modern archaeological resource management are considered.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or permission of the instructor.

206 Fundamentals of Biological Anthropology. (4)
Introduces the major concepts, mechanisms, methodology, and types of data dealt with by biological anthropology: primate and human evolution; genetics; primate anatomy, diversity, and behavior; ontogeny and life cycle variations; geographic variation; adaptation; and other interactions between environment, culture, and biology.

231 Introduction to Native American Studies. (3)
Introduction to the major topics within the field of Native American Studies including the ethnohistory of Native North Americans; cultural diversity within Native North America and contemporary aesthetics, literature, and film.

242 Folklore and Folklife. (3)
Introduction to the role of tradition in various aspects of American culture, from humor to architecture; the functions of these elements in society; and methodological and theoretical approaches to their study, with comparative examples from Ireland and Great Britain.

301 History of Method and Theory in Anthropology. (4)
Surveys the major ideas and issues of anthropology over time. Includes methods and theories from archaeology, physical anthropology, linguistics, and cultural anthropology.

302 Culture of Education. (3)
Applies anthropological theory and method to such educational concerns as socialization, peer dynamics, classroom networks, parent-teacher interactions, modernization, and multicultural settings.

305 Human Biological Variation (3)
Looks at the biological diversity of contemporary human populations from the perspective of evolutionary adaptation, taking into account distribution, inheritance, development, and adaptiveness of observable or measurable traits.

306 The Anthropology of Physical Growth and Development. (3) Children’s physical growth and development; its regulation, variation, and assessment in different times and places.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or 206 or permission of the instructor.

307 Applied Anthropology. (3)
Investigates the problems and work that engage the attention of anthropologists outside the university setting. Examination of new skills needed to supplement those traditionally taught in anthropology.

308 Introduction to Anthropological Linguistics. (3)
Basic concepts, scope, and methodology of the science of language with particular emphasis on non-European languages and cultural components of language. Knowledge of a foreign language is helpful.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101.

310 Topics in Old World Prehistory. (3-6)
Prehistory of various Old World regions and time periods. Topics will vary from semester to semester—for example, Europe, the Paleolithic, general survey. May be repeated with different topics.
    Prerequisite recommended: ANTH 101.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

311 Ethnicity and Race. (3)
Explores the concepts of ethnicity and race and how they shape the interaction between individuals and groups in complex society. Devotes particular attention to the Western world, but also considers similar attitudes in other parts of the world.

312 Ecological Dimensions of Culture. (3)
Explores the system of relationships between human populations and their environments focusing on cultural behavior. Uses studies of societies from ancient to modern times, models and theories from ecology and anthropology, and considers both applied and theoretical perspectives.
    Prerequisite: any one of ANTH 101, 103, 105, 111; or permission of the instructor; or participation in the clustered minors in environmentally sustainable practices.

315 Human Paleontology. (3)
Fossil record of the evolution of humans and their primate predecessors.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or 206 or permission of the instructor.

320 Topics in New World Archaeology. (3-6)
Prehistory of various New World regions or developmental periods. Topics will vary from semester to semester—for example, Meso-America, the Southwest, general survey. May be repeated for different topics.
    Prerequisite recommended: ANTH 103.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

321 Social Organization. (3)
Provides a systematic cross-cultural analysis of human organizations from kinship-based societies to modern bureaucracies. Using an evolutionary approach, provides both theoretical perspectives and applied understanding.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101, 111 or permission of the instructor.

329 Laboratory Methods in Material Culture. (3)
Addresses artifacts as reflections of culture. Focuses on ethnoarchaeology and experimental archaeology, as well as the integration of research design, recovery, identification and laboratory analysis of artifacts from archaeological sites.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101, 103.

330 Special Topics in Native American Cultures. (3-6)

Detailed analysis of selected contemporary issues facing American Indians—for example, religious freedom, property rights—or a focus on the Indian cultures of a particular area, such as the Southwest, Great Lakes, or Northeast. May be repeated for different topics.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

331 Native Americans of North America. (3)
Cultures of the North American Native Americans emphasizing their economic, sociopolitical, and religious institutions.

332 Native Americans of the Great Lakes. (3)
In-depth study of selected Native American cultures indigenous to the Great Lakes region from the time of European contact to the contemporary period.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101 (waived for Native American Studies minors) or permission of the instructor.

334 Midwestern Archaeology. (3)
Archaeological development of the Midwest traced through the Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Intermediate, Woodland, and Mississippian stages.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103.

341 Anthropology and Women. (3)
Development of the female phenotype; variation in the roles assigned to women in cultures of differing levels of complexity from gatherer-hunters to industrial societies—both Western and non-Western—and the contributions of women anthropologists to understanding this variation.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101 (waived for Women’s Studies minors) or permission of the instructor.

342 American Culture. (3)
Examines how the values, beliefs, and norms of American culture are integrated into and symbolized in various media. Explores how Americans experience and resolve cultural tensions between individualism and community, equality and hierarchy, competition and cooperation.

343 Historical Archaeology of Eastern United States. (3)
Explores primary historical processes and archaeologically significant trends in material culture that have shaped modern life from A.D. 1500 to the 20th century.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or permission of the instructor.

360 Special Topics in Anthropology.  (3-12)
Detailed analysis of a special problem in cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, or physical anthropology. May be repeated for different topics.
    A total of 12 hours of credit may be earned.

364 European Prehistory. (3)
Prehistory of Europe from the Paleolithic through the Iron Age with an emphasis on the regions north and west of the Classical world.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or permission of the instructor.

369 Paid Internship in Anthropology. (1-6)
Paid, supervised field or laboratory experience in anthropology. Employment should supply an opportunity to use and further knowledge of anthropology.
    Prerequisite: permission of the internship director.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.
    Open only to anthropology majors or minors.

370 Topics in Old World Cultures. (3-6)
Anthropological survey of the cultural patterns of selected continents or regions, such as East Asia, Europe, or the island Pacific.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

377 Topics in Museum Operations. (3)
Introduces various aspects of museum operations, such as organization, financing, curation, exhibits, public interpretation, and conservation of collections. Emphasizes ethnographic and archaeological collections. May be repeated for different topics.

380 Topics in New World Cultures. (3-6)
Anthropological survey of the cultural patterns of selected continents or regions, such as the Caribbean or Latin America.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

390 Honors Colloquium in Anthropology. (1-3)
Exploration of major issues in modern anthropology. Emphasizes individual study and development of results.
    A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
    Open only to Honors College students.

404 History of Archaeology. (3)
Development of archaeological thought over the past two centuries focusing on major figures and their contributions.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103.

416 Human Osteology. (3)
Laboratory dealing with the human skeleton including identification of whole and fragmentary bones and the assessment of the age, stature, sex, and race of a skeleton as applied to paleodemography, paleopathology, and forensic problems.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or 206 or permission of the instructor.

427 Culture and Medicine. (3)
Focuses on conceptions of health and illness from a crosscultural perspective relating non-Western techniques to Western counterparts.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101.

440 Anthropological Field Trip. (3-6)
Intended to expose students to lifeways of groups outside mainstream society but whose lives and communities are significantly shaped by the policies of the larger society. Can be used for trips in various subfields of anthropology when appropriate.
    Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

445 Archaeological Field School. (6)
Designed to provide practical application of archaeological methods, techniques, and strategies in a field setting. Participation in a supervised investigation of a formal archaeological problem at an actual archaeological site or at an experimental site. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

450 Ethnographic Field School. (6-12)
An intensive immersion in the methods of field research in cultural anthropology. Emphasizes problem formulation, observation, interviewing, writing, and interpretation of field data. Field schools are intended to provide specific skills that result in an ethnographic report. 
    Prerequisite: an introductory and upper division course in cultural anthropology; permission of the instructor. 
    A total of 12 hours of credit may be earned.

451 Witchcraft, Magic, and Religion. (3)

Anthropological study of humankind’s age-old concern with life, death, sickness, and the unknown. Discusses human attempts to control life through supernatural beings, prayer, sacrifice, and techniques of magic and witchcraft.

452 Anthropology of Technology. (3)
Will review the anthropological literature on technology, focusing on cultural and comparative aspects of technology. This subfield’s theoretical base and research methods will also be assessed.

455 Primatology. (3)
Comparative survey of nonhuman primates, their biology and behavior.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or 206 or permission of the instructor.

457 Applied Archaeology. (3)
Special problems of contract, conservation, and public archaeology, including laws and guidelines, relations with governmental and private agencies, research design and proposals, field and laboratory methods, and curation.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 204 or permission of the instructor.

459 Ethnographic Methods. (3)
Develops the ability to conduct and comprehend ethnographic research. Includes research design, data collection, analysis, reporting, basic statistics, and computer use. Emphasizes both quantitative and qualitative techniques for basic and applied research.
    Prerequisite: 15 hours in ANTH or permission of the instructor.

460 Topics in Cultural Change. (3-6)
Surveys from various perspectives the major concepts and processes of culture change, including globalization and its effects on cultures and individuals.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

463 Theory and Method in Historical Archaeology. (3)
Presents a detailed summary of theory and methods used by historical archaeologists, including social theory, historical methods, and archaeological analysis methods.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or permission of the instructor.

471 Ethnohistory. (3)
Methods and theories of ethnohistory introduced by emphasizing how culture and history intersect with race, ethnicity, gender, class, and sexuality; a research-intensive class.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.

479 Unpaid Internship. (1-6)
Unpaid field or laboratory experience that uses knowledge of anthropology in a specific project or work content.
    Prerequisite: permission of the internship director.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.
    Open only to anthropology majors or minors.

481 Culture, Economy, and Development. (3)
Concerned with a culturally embedded view of allocation, conversion, production, distribution, and consumption of resources. Emphasizes economic development in third and fourth world countries both from theoretical and applied perspectives.

482 Native Americans of the American Southwest. (3)
Surveys prehistoric, historic, and contemporary cultures of selected Southwest Native American groups. Emphasizes culture-specific solutions to problems perceived in their relationship to their natural and social environments.

490 Independent Study in Anthropology. (1-3)
Topics to be chosen and investigated in consultation with an instructor with competence in the area involved.
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned, but no more than 3 in any one semester or term.

491 Senior Seminar in Anthropology. (3)
Integrates knowledge of current theoretical and methodological issues in the four quadrants of anthropology. A setting for students to explore their own theoretical interests and present them coherently.
    Open only to seniors.