Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology
Department of Educational Psychology
About Lu Wang
Lu Wang, Ph.D., is an assistant professor in educational psychology at Ball State University. She received her B.A. in psychology from the University of Pennsylvania, master’s degree from Harvard Graduate School of Education, and doctorate from the University of Georgia. Her prior training was in the areas of educational psychology, applied statistics, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience. In addition, she has a minor in music from the University of Pennsylvania and still pursues violin playing as a serious hobby to these days.
Her academic research interests can be roughly grouped into the following threads:
1. Cognitive and affective variables that contribute to individual and gender differences in STEM achievement.
2. Basic cognitive processes underlying numerical cognition and spatial reasoning.
3. Cognitive, motor, and affective variables that contribute to aspects of music cognition.
These research interests resulted in multiple publications in prestigious journals such as Educational Psychologist, Frontiers in Psychology, and Child Development, to name a few, in the past few years. Furthermore, Wang has also been invited by renowned international book publishers to contribute book chapters on topics of her expertise or professional interests. In addition to conducting original research, publishing in peer-reviewed journals, and communicating with a broader audience in a book format, Wang also consistently produced high quality reviews for multiple academic journals, either as an ad hoc reviewer or in the role of an editorial board member.
Assistant Professor (2014 – present). Department of Educational Psychology, Ball State University.
Researcher for an IES Grant (2011-2014). Department of Educational Psychology, University of Georgia.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Educational Psychology
University of Georgia
Masters in Human Development and Psychology
Bachelor of Arts in Psychology
University of Pennsylvania
Research and Publications
Sample Publications (see Vita for comprehensive list)
Wang, L., & Carr, M. (2014). Working Memory and Strategy Use Contribute to Gender Differences in Spatial Ability. Educational Psychologist, 49 (4), 261-282. doi: 10.1080/00461520.2014.960568
Carr, M., Alexeev, N., Wang, L., Barned, N., Horan, E., & Reed, A. (2017). The Development of Spatial Skills in Elementary School Students. Child Development. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12753.
Wang, L. (2016). Various spatial skills, gender differences, and trainability and transferability of spatial skills. In M. S. Khine (Ed.). Visual-spatial Ability in STEM Education: Transforming Research into Practice. Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, pp. 85-108.
Wang, L., Ester, D., & Finch, H (2018). A Causal Comparative Study of Visuospatial Thinking among Mathematics, Music, and Psychology Students. Psychology and Education. 55(2).
Wang, L. Bolin, J., Lu, Z., & Carr, M (2018). Visuospatial Working Memory Mediates the Relationship between Executive Functioning and Spatial Ability. Frontiers in Psychology.
Wang, L., Cohen, A., & Carr, M. (2014). Spatial Ability at Two Scales of Representation: A Meta-analysis. Learning and Individual Differences. doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2014.10.006.
Kopcha, T., Otumfuor, B., & Wang, L. (2015). Effects of Spatial Ability, Gender Differences, and Pictorial Training on Children Using 2-D and 3-D Environments to Recall Landmark Locations from Memory. Journal of Research on Technology in Education. doi: 10.1080/15391523.2015.967536.
Wang, L. & Bolin, J. Gender, Working Memory, and Strategy Use. Poster accepted by the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, CA. May 24-27, 2018.
Wang, L. & Finch, H. Motivation Variables Mediate the Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement (2018, May). Poster accepted by the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, CA, May 24-27, 2018.
Wang, L., Bolin, J. Gender, Spatial Skills, Math Anxiety, and Mathematical Achievement. Poster accepted by the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, CA, May 24-27, 2018.
Wang, L., Bolin, J., & Carr, M. Visuospatial Working Memory Mediates the Relationship between Executive Functioning and Mental Rotation: When Executive Functioning Is Measured By the Tower Test but Not When It Is Measured By the Color-Interference Test. Poster accepted by the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, CA. May 24-27, 2018.
Wang, L., Ester, D., & Finch, H. A Causal Comparative Study of Visuospatial Thinking among Mathematics, Music, and Psychology Students. Paper to be submitted to the Indiana Music Education Association in Fort Wayne, Indiana, January 11-13, 2018.
Wang, L. & Carr, M (August, 2014). Working Memory, Spatial Ability, and Mathematics Achievement. Abstract accepted by the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, titled, “Cutting Edge Research from Emerging Psychological Scientists: Late-Breaking Poster Session.” Washington, DC, U.S.A.
Wang, L. (2009, November). “Creative thinking as representational redescription.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Gifted Children (NAGC) in St. Louis, MO, U.S.A.
Wang, L. (2009, March). “Creativity strategy workshop.” Presented at the annual meeting of the Georgia Association for Gifted Children (GAGC) in Galloway Gardens, GA, U.S.A.
Sample Funded Projects (see Vita for comprehensive list)
“Hollis” Research Grant ($500), Ball State University, 2015
“ASPiRE” New Faculty Start-Up Grant ($2,575), Ball State University, 2014
For more information, please visit Dr. Lu Wang’s personal website: