Principal Investigators: Christine Thompson and Kevin C. Nolan
We will conduct a Phase I survey of 900 acres in
southern Newton County, Indiana in order to achieve our goals of increasing the
site data base, resolve any inconsistencies found in the SHAARD database, refining
the cultural chronology for the county, and examining evidence for the
settlement and interaction of the Euro-American settlers and Native Americans
along the Iroquois River. Specifically we hope to add to the understanding of
the various prehistoric cultural periods of the county. We also hope to add to the understanding of
the Euro-American presence and Native American interaction in Newton County. These goals are based on the low number of
previously documented sites and the potential to build upon the existing
archaeological knowledge of Newton County.
Newton County has a low number of archaeological
sites on record (261). This project will
significantly improve our understanding of precontact and historic resources in
the county. The information can be used
for comparison with other Till Plain areas in Indiana. In addition, it increases the archaeological
knowledge of Euro-American settlements and interaction with Native American
groups of the time along the Iroquois River. The information can be used for
comparison with other waterways and early settlements in Indiana.
Between 200 and 250 new sites will be added to
the archaeological data base and the regional culture history (both prehistoric
and historic) will be refined.
Inconsistencies in the SHAARD database will be addressed and resolved as
necessary. Comparative data will be
generated to address important questions relevant to regional archaeology. A public presentation and web site
information will disseminate the results of the project to a wider audience. A final report will document the
project. A short article will also be
produced for inclusion in DHPA’s Indiana
Archaeology journal. Articles may be submitted to other regional and
national peer-reviewed journals.