Strategies and Tactics of Patrol Stops (STOPS) deals with the uncertainty of a vehicle stop and how to survive. Officers learn what not to do during a low-risk, unknown risk, and a high-risk traffic stop. The goal of the STOPS program is to instruct sworn law enforcement officers in the following:

  • Assessment of risks and threat cues by drivers and passengers
  • Safe positioning of police and violator vehicles
  • Safe methods for approaching vehicles and making contact with driver/passenger
  • How to stop and approach vehicles other than passenger cars
  • Case law regarding vehicle stops
  • Safe methods for conducting “felony,” or high-risk stops
  • Procedures and law regarding vehicle searches
  • How to avoid citizen complaints and conflict with violators
  • Risk factors that must be considered during a vehicle pursuit, which often begins with a traffic stop