Sustainable Principles in Structure Re-Use: Markets and Mixed-Use
TMK 03 - 17 - 2010

The cities that WT4 has been traveling through have so much history built within their streets and structures; a major reason that we find ourselves studying 'here'. The flip side of this view is that many buildings become abandoned over the years; facing demolition or permanent deterioration. The sustainable outlook of modern day has driven cities to think twice about the history, as well as re-use capabilities, of certain structures. While structures can be retrofitted, reused, transformed for many different uses, the most common seen on WT4 have been public markets and mixed-use developments; represented in Riga, Latvia, and Vienna, Austria Pictured on the top right is an interior picture of the largest public market in Europe, located in the center or Riga, Latvia. The history of these structures is simply a series of airplane hangars. Four, large arched structures sit in a row adjacent to the major railway tracks of Riga, where I can hypothesize that rail was used as transportation for easy access to necessary airplane equipment. The shell of these mega-structures was re-used to house the indoor market in Riga. The market supplies a series of specialty areas, moving from dairy/cheese, to breads/pastries, to meats, then to fish. As markets are one of the most popular daily activities in European cities, it makes the most sense to use these sustainable practices of structure re-use towards market complexes. Historically, European markets may not have had the luxury of covered business, however, structure re-use like in Riga, Latvia is part of the modern movement towards more permanent market installations for local, visitor, and tourist. Pictured on the bottom right is a sketch of a mixed-use development called Gasometer City, towards the outer edge of Vienna, Austria. The history of this site lies in four extremely large gas-works silo's, monstrous structures made from brick. I don't know what put and end to the productive use of this industrial area, but the modern sustainable adaptation in this instance is a mixed-use (retail on the core floors, residential above) development. The intrigue of being around this site is the architect's interpretation of locating modern structures adjacent to the old brick silos. After walking through these connected spaces, the most impressive portion of the structural re-use are the new residential areas that occupy the entire area around the upper cylindar. The design of circulation and public space makes this sustainable re-use of structure a great success in the end. There is enough public population in the area to support the minimal amount of commercial/retail that was developed and obviously, residents of the towers have easy access to necesities. The site plan and exterior shell underwent design ideals that preserve the history of the site as much as possible, while allowing for the integration of modern architecture. The sketch itself shows a neat relationship between brick silo #2, and the modern apartment complex in the background. The other feature is the addition of the catwalk, which allows circulation between silo buildings, and completes the foreground for the view that narrates everything about the history, sustainable re-use, and modern integration into this site in Vienna.

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