Cantigny First Division Oral Histories Terms and Names

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Military Terms and Acronyms

As we transcribe these interviews, we will keep a running list of common military terms and acronyms in this space. Acronyms should be spelled out in brackets in the transcripts. We are still looking for definitions for the terms in italics.

  • 4 F - A rating of the American Selctive Service System meaning unfit for service
  • 91B - Medical Specialist
  • 91C - Practical Nurse Training
  • AAFES - Army and Air Force Exchange Service
  • ACE - Allied Command Europe
  • ACR - Armored Calvary Regiment
  • ADA - Air Defense Artillery
  • AIT - Advanced Infantry Training or Advanced Individual Training
  • APC - Armored Personnel Carrier
  • APO - Army Post Office
  • AR - Automatic Rifleman
  • ARCO - Army Commendation Medal
  • ARDF - Airborne Radio Direction Finding System
  • ARTY - Artillery
  • ARVN - Army of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)
  • ASA - Army Security Agency
  • ASD - Ammunition Supply Dump
  • ASP - Ammunition Supply Point
  • ASR
  • ASVAB - Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery tests
  • ATC training — Air Traffic Controller training
  • AWOL - Absent Without Leave
  • BNDD - Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
  • BSN - Bachelor's Degree in Nursing
  • C-4 - A very stable plastic explosive carried by infantry soldiers
  • CEV — Combat Engineer Vehicle
  • CG - Commanding General
  • CID - Combat Intelligence Division
  • CIB - Combat Infantry Badge for actual time in combat
  • CMB - Combat Medical Badge
  • CO - Commanding Officer
  • Cobra Helicopter - AH-1 Attack Helicopter, designed for Close Air Support, utilizes rockets and 20mm Cannon.
  • Comm O or Commo - Communicatons Officer
  • CQ - Charge of Quarters
  • D and D - Dungeons and Dragons
  • DEA - Drug Enforcement Administration
  • DEROS Date - Date of Going Home
  • Det-cord - detonation cord
  • DIVARTY - Division Artillery
  • DMZ - Demilitarized Zone
  • E-3 - Private First Class
  • E-4 - Corporal or Specialist-4
  • E-5 - Sergeant or Specialist 5
  • E-6 - Enlisted Rank
  • E-7 - Enlisted Rank
  • E-8 - Enlisted Rank
  • EO — Equal Opportunity
  • EPW - Enemy Prisoner of War
  • EM - Enlisted Men
  • ETS - Established Termination of Service
  • FAA - Federal Aviation Administration
  • FAR - forward area radar system
  • FDC - Fire Detection Center
  • FSR Field Service Representative
  • G 1 - Administration Section
  • G 2 - Intelligence Section
  • G 3 - Operations Section
  • G 4 - Logistic Section
  • G 5 - Civil Affairs Section
  • G 6 - Communications Section
  • GDP - General Defense Plan
  • GI - Government Issue; also slang referring to an American serviceman.
  • GP Tent - General Purpose Tent
  • GTA - Grafenwoehr Training Area
  • HBCU — Historically Black Colleges and Universities
  • HHB - Headquarters Battery
  • HEP—High Explosive Projectile
  • H-E Round - High Explosive Round
  • Helo - Helicopter*IC - In Charge
  • ICU - Intensive Care Unit
  • IED - Improvised Explosive Device
  • JATO — jet-assisted take-off
  • KATUSA — Korean Augmentation Troops to the United States Army
  • KBR
  • Killed in Action
  • KP - Kitchen Patrol or Kitchen Police: This term is used to discribe kitchen duty delegted to an enlisted soldier.
  • LACV-30 - lighter, air-cushioned vehicle
  • Line Company - An Infantry Company
  • IPW - Interrogation of Prisoners of War
  • LAW - Lightweight Anti-Tank/Armor Weapon
  • LCU - Landing Craft Utility
  • LNO - Liaison Officer
  • Loach - OH-6 Lighter Observation Helicopter
  • LPN - Licensed Practical Nurse
  • LRRP - Long-Range Reconnaissance Patrol; pronounced "lerp"
  • LZ - Landing Zone
  • M-1 Garand - Standard issue infantry rifle of World War II, .30 Caliber, used by the US military from 1936 through 1966.
  • MACV - Military Assistance Command Vietnam
  • MASH - mobile army surgical hospital
  • MEDCAP - Medical Civil Action Program
  • MEDEVAC or MEDIVAC - Medical Evacuation
  • MFW - Multiple Frag Wound
  • MiG - Russian built jet fighter.
  • MIOMIA
  • MLRS - Multiple Launch Rocket System
  • MOPP - Mission-Oriented Protective Posture
  • MOS - Military Occupational Specialty
  • MP - Military Police
  • MPC - Military Payment Certificate
  • MRE - Meal Ready to Eat
  • MTA - Multiple Traumatic Amputation
  • MUST Unit - Medical Unit, Self Contained, Transportable
  • NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • NBC - Nuclear, Biological, Chemical
  • NCO - Non-commissioned Officer
  • NDP - Night Defense Position
  • NVA - North Vietnamese Army
  • OCS - Officer Candidate School
  • OD - Operational Detachment
  • OJT - On the Job Training
  • OPCON - Operational Control or Condition
  • OR - Operating Room
  • PA - Physician's Assistant
  • PFC - Private First Class
  • POL - petroleum, oils, and lubricants
  • POW - Prisoner of War
  • PRC-25 - A Tactical Communications Radio
  • PTSD - Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • PT - Physical Training
  • PX - Post Exchange
  • QL 14
  • QM - Quartermaster
  • RCO - Regional Coordinating Office
  • RD
  • Repo Depo - Replacement Depot
  • Rift - Reduction in Force
  • RMKBRJ - Raymond International, Morrison and Knudson, Brown and Root, and J.A. Jones Construction (Vietnam-era military construction contractors)
  • ROAD - Reorganization of the Active Army Division
  • RON - Rest Over Night (Position)
  • Recon - Reconnaissance
  • ROTC - Reserve Officer Training Corps
  • RPG — rocket-propelled grenade
  • RTO - Radio Telephone Operator
  • RPG - Rocket Propelled Grenade
  • S2 - Brigade Intelligence Officer
  • S3 - Battalion or Brigade Operations Staff Officer
  • S3G3
  • SCUD missiles - surface-to-surface missile system
  • SGAA
  • SLAR - Side Looking Airborne Radar
  • SOP - Standard Operating Procedure
  • STDs - Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • TACEVAL - Tactical Evaluation
  • TACOM - Tank and Automotive Command
  • TARDEC - Tank Automotive Research Development Engineering Center
  • TCP - Traffic Control Point
  • TDY—temporary duty
  • TPMGS
  • TRADOC - Training and Doctrine Command
  • USA - United States Army
  • USARC - U.S. Army Recruiting Committee
  • USAREC - United States Recruiting Command
  • USAR School - United States Army Reserve School
  • USO - United Service Organizations
  • VC - Viet Cong
  • VMI - Virginia Military Institute
  • VTR - Vehicle Track Recovery ?'
  • VOSH - Volunteer Optometric Services to Humanity
  • XO - Executive Officer

Other Terms

  • Arc Lights - Operation Arc Light was the code name given to the B-52 Stratofortress Bomber strikes in Vietnam
  • Article 15 - Summary disciplinary judgement of a soldier by his commander, may result in fines or confinement in the stockade
  • Bear Cat - a large military camp that was located in the Binh Duong Province in South Vietnam
  • Berm - A mound or wall of earth
  • Blue Force Tracker - A communications computer system which uses GPS navigation to relay positions and information to military commanders about friendly and enemy locations and movement
  • Cadre - core personnel who are experienced/professional who can lead or train new and larger formations.
  • Claymore Mine - directional fragmentation munitions or explosives
  • C Rations - Combat Individual Rations
  • Chiêu Hồi - A Vietcong who is aiding American military forces out in the field to guide or scout enemy positions
  • Conex box - A cargo container
  • Cu-Chi Tunnels-- The tunnels were used by Viet Cong guerrillas as hiding spots during combat, as well as serving as communication and supply routes, hospitals, food and weapon caches and living quarters for numerous guerrilla fighters
  • Deuce and a half - 2.5 ton truck
  • Dusters - 40mm “pom-pom” guns mounted on tracked vehicles
  • Espirit de Corps - feeling of pride in a military unit, with pervasive enthusiasm and confidence among its members
  • Fourragere - An ornamental braided cord usually looped around the left shoulder of a uniform, sometimes awarded to an entire military unit
  • Fragged or Fragging - killing of a superior by his subordinates. Usually done by placing a fragmentation grenade in the superior's foxhole.
  • Gook - derogatory term referring to the Vietnamese
  • Gore - Section of a parachute, many of which are sewn together to form an entire parachute.
  • Hootch - house or living quarters or a native hut
  • Howitzer - a type of artillery price that is characterized by a short barrel and the use of comparatively small explosive charges to propel projectiles as trajectories with a steep angle of decent
  • "Huey" - nickname for the UH-series helicopters: "utility helicopter"
  • Kennkartes - German for identification card
  • MGR-1 Honest John missile
  • Montagnard - indigenous people of the Central Highlands of Vietnam, also known as Degar
  • Mama-san or mamasan - is a woman in supervisory role in certain establishments in East Asia, typically related to sex work, but also in other businesses.'
  • Pogie-bait - Pogie, meaning rear area personnel. Bait, meaning food or snacks. This term refers to junkfood or candy type snacks that is only available to rear area personnel
  • Provo Marshall - physical security position
  • Rome plows - large, armored, specially modified bulldozers used in South Vietnam by the United States military during the Vietnam War. They were used, beginning in 1967, by land clearing units to clear jungle vegetation, thus removing cover that could be used by the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces
  • Tet Offensive
  • Tac Officer - Tactical Officer

Geographical Locations

As we transcribe these interviews, we will keep a running list of geographical locations mentioned in the interviews. The names in italics have not been verified.

  • Aachen, Germany
  • Aschaffenburg, Germany
  • Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Aberdeen, Maryland
  • Al Khobar Towers in Khobar, Saudia Arabia
  • Al Anbar Province, Iraq
  • Al Asad Airbase, Iraq
  • Al-Jubayl, Saudia Arabia
  • American Samoa
  • Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland
  • An Loc, Vietnam
  • An Loc Quan Ly
  • Alderson Federal Prison for Women, West Virginia
  • Ba Xuyen, Vietnam
  • Barbers Point, Hawaii
  • Basrah, Iraq
  • Baumholder, Germany
  • Bear Cat, Vietnam
  • Ben Cat, Vietnam
  • Ben Luc, Vietnam
  • Berseichten, Germany
  • Bhatar, Saudia Arabia
  • Bien Hoa
  • Binh Duong province
  • Binh Phuoc, Vietnam
  • Black Lick, Ohio
  • Brecksville, Ohio
  • Bremerhaven, Germany
  • Brussels, Belgium
  • Bu Dop, Cambodia
  • Camp Anaconda in Balad, Iraq
  • Camp Atterbury, Indiana
  • Camp Funston, Kansas - located on Fort Riley
  • Camp Lejeune, North Carolina
  • Camp Pickett, Virginia (Fort Pickett)
  • Cam Rahn Bay
  • Cape May, New Jersey
  • Cam My, Vietnam
  • Chu Lai - United States Navy Base in Dung Quat Bay, Vietnam from 1964-1975
  • Claymore Corners
  • Columbus, Ohio
  • CONUS - Continental United States
  • Cu Chi, Vietnam
  • Dahlonega, Georgia
  • Da Nang, Vietnam
  • Dau Tieng, Vietnam
  • Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Di An, Vietnam
  • Dien Bien Phu
  • Dong Thap
  • Dung Quat Bay, Vietnam
  • Edenton, North Carolina
  • Eglin Air Force Base
  • Euphrates River
  • Fayetteville, North Carolina
  • Firebase Banditt Hill
  • Fort Benning, Georgia
  • Fort Bliss, Texas
  • Fort Bragg, North Carolina
  • Fort Campbell, Kentucky
  • Fort Chaffey, Arkansas
  • Fort Devens, Massachusetts
  • Fort Dix, New Jersey
  • Fort Eustis, Virginia
  • Fort Gordon, Georgia
  • Fort Harrison, Montana
  • Fort Holabird, Maryland
  • Fort Hood, Texas
  • Fort Irwin, California
  • Fort Jackson, South Carolina
  • Fort Knox, Kentucky
  • Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
  • Fort Lee, Virginia
  • Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
  • Fort Lewis, Washington
  • Fort Maison
  • Fort Myers, Florida
  • Fort Ord, Oakland, California
  • Fort Pickett, Virginia(also known as Camp Pickett)
  • Fort Polk, Louisiana
  • Fort Riley, Kansas
  • Fort Rucker, Alabama
  • Fort Sam Houston, Texas
  • Fort Sheridan, Illinois
  • Frankfurt, Germany
  • Fulda, Germany
  • Fulda Gap, Germany
  • Garmisch, Germany
  • Germany
  • Germersheim, Germany
  • Gia Dinh Province, Vietnam
  • Giebelstadt, Germany
  • Graffenvier, Germany (U.S. Army Garrison)
  • Graffenwohr, Germany
  • Guam, Unincorporated Territory of the United States
  • Ha Long Bay, Vietnam
  • Hafr Al-Batin, Saudia Arabia
  • Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Heath, Ohio
  • Hickam Air Force Base, Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (see also Saigon)
  • Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • Holland
  • Hollenfels, Germany
  • Indiantown Gap, Pennsylvania
  • Iron Triangle - Name the U.S. forces in the Vietnam gave the communist stronghold region northwest of Saigon
  • Irrawaddy or Ayerarwady Delta
  • Iraq
  • Jacksonville, Florida
  • Khe Sanh
  • Khobar [Al Khobar], Saudi Arabia
  • Kim Nai, Vietnam
  • King Khalid Military City, Saudi Arabia (KKMC)
  • Kontum
  • Kornwestheim, Germany
  • Kuala Lumpur, Singapore
  • Kuwait
  • Lackland Air Force Base, Texas
  • Lai Khe, Vietnam
  • Lang Sen
  • Loc Ninh, Vietnam
  • Long Bien, Vietnam - Long Binh, Vietnam
  • Long Khanh Province
  • Mai Lai, Vietnam (see also My Lai)
  • Mai Sai Noi
  • Maison Fort, France
  • Mannheim, Germany
  • McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey
  • Mekong Delta (or River), Vietnam
  • Michelin or Michelin Plantation
  • Munich, Germany
  • My Lai, Vietnam (see also Mai Lai)
  • Nha Trang
  • Normandy, France
  • North Africa
  • Nottoway River
  • Nui Ba Den
  • Pi Ax
  • Oakland, California
  • Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Okinawa, Japan
  • Parris Island, South Carolina
  • Parrot's Beak - Region of SE Cambodia indenting South Vietnam. During the Vietnam War, it was a staging ground for Communist forces against South Vietnam
  • Phu Bai, Vietnam
  • Phu Binh, Vietnam
  • Phu Cuong
  • Phu Loi Base Camp, Vietnam
  • Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam
  • Phu Tai, Vietnam
  • Phouc Vinh, Vietnam
  • Plain of Reeds - a vast wetland depression of about 13,000 km2 encompassing the provinces of Dong Thap, Tien Giang, and Lang Sen in Vietnam, and parts of the Svay Reang of Cambodia
  • Pinang, Malaysia
  • Quan Loi Base Camp and Airfield, Vietnam
  • Qui Nhon, Vietnam
  • Ridgeley, West Virginia
  • Saigon, Vietnam (see also Ho Chi Minh City)
  • Saipan, (currently a member island of) United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
  • San Francisco, California
  • San Joaquin Valley (California)
  • Saudia Arabia
  • Schofield Barracks, Hawaii
  • Sicily, Italy Italy
  • Sigonella, Italy
  • Sinop, Turkey
  • Soc Trang, Vietnam
  • Somerset, Kentucky
  • Song Be
  • South China Sea
  • Stark County, Ohio
  • Stuttgart, Germany
  • Summitt County, Ohio
  • Svay Reang, Cambodia
  • Tallahassee, Florida
  • Tan Son Nhut
  • Tan Uyen
  • Tay Ninh
  • Thunder Four - First base off of Thunder Road
  • Thunder Road - Name given to QL 13 from Saigon west to Quan Loi by the 11th ACR who used the callsign Thunder.
  • Tien Giang
  • Tigris River, Iraq
  • Ton Son Nhut Air Base, Vietnam
  • Topeka, Kansas
  • Travis Air Force Base, California
  • Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Tuscarawas County, Ohio
  • Umatilla Army Depo, Hermiston, Oregon
  • Vung Tao, Vietnam
  • Wake Island, Territory of the United States
  • West Point Military Academy, New York
  • Wildflecken, Germany
  • Xi An, or Di An, or Xion, Vietnam
  • Youngstown, Ohio
  • Yukuska, Japan

Related Links

Cantigny First Division Oral Histories Wiki

Cantigny First Division Oral Histories in the Digital Media Repository

Archives and Special Collections